An Orphanage is not a Tourist Attraction – Think Before Visiting An Orphanage

Think Before Visiting An Orphanage

I’ve seen a handful of times now, in forums and discussions amongst travellers, the mention of visiting an orphanage in context of other main must-see tourist sites. Specifically it has been in relation to Cambodia, and in other instances, Africa. It goes a little something like this:

“What are the must-do’s in Cambodia?”

“Angkor Wat, the bamboo train, the Killing Fields and visit an orphanage for the day!”

It appears poverty has become a spectator sport, a chance for a traveller to expend pity and show their compassion for a fleeting moment in between fish pedicures and boozy buckets. If you are treating it as just another ‘thing to do’ then please don’t bother – stick to helping at a summer camp if you want to play games with a bunch of kids.

Volunteer because you really want to volunteer, because you are compelled to do so, because (without any means of describing why) it is a part of your life and a part of ‘how’ you travel. NOT because it’s something to be added onto the itinerary as you would an ancient temple or war memorial, because someone said it was ‘fun’ or a ‘good experience’ or because getting your photos with cute kids in a poor country looks great for your Facebook album.

‘Children Are Not Tourist Attractions’

Friends-International, with the backing of UNICEF, has launched the campaign Think Child Safe: ‘Children Are Not Tourist Attractions’ to partner with tourists to end what is known as orphanage tourism in Cambodia. This is typically a situation where children approach tourists to visit their orphanage, which is usually followed by a performance or dance routine. This can also be the case in many other countries.

A research report into Cambodian residential institutions (orphanages) has revealed that “tourist visits, despite tourists’  best intentions, cause more harm than good” and that it is “often conducted by unscrupulous business operators, rather than help child protection, rights and education standards” as well as contributing to “the separation of Cambodian families.”

Instead, the campaign aims to direct tourists “to support vocational training and community based initiatives, rather than visiting an orphanage directly.” In essence, projects which will potentially attract people who want to provide longer term investment and to hopefully weed out the travellers wanting to fleetingly observe poverty.

I personally have never visited an orphanage for a day. I’ve always felt that I’ve never quite understood their set up or their true intentions. Orphanages generally (and sadly, as some are of honourable cause) have a bad name, but I research as thoroughly as possible into every charitable cause I hear about or will do when I come across many on my travels, even if that means asking locals how they feel about it. My day trip to a school in Kenya came about through the locals at my hotel who informed me of a local village where help was needed.

If there is a scheme in which I can help, or lend my skills too in the time I have, I will. If an orphanage genuinely needs help and visitor support, without having to exploit the children, I would certainly support it. Sometimes the answer of authenticity isn’t always clear, which is where gut instinct, research and common sense plays a major part in the decision.

The decision not to put it on a ‘must see’ list.

I’m not begrudging those that do happen upon a situation that genuinely moves them and in turn leads them to want to help, even for a day (it’s happened to us all and for those who are now long term volunteers, this is where the passion to make change long-term started) but it’s thinking about both the genuine nature of the cause at hand and your deep down honest intentions.

“Care or don’t care. Don’t pretend to care.”

That’s the message from Lucy Caslon, Director of Msizi Africa, who has first-hand experience of the pros and cons of the one-day volunteer practice. Msizi Africa funds feeding programmes for AIDS orphans in Africa as well as providing shelter, medical care and school uniforms for children in need helping over 1,000 orphans in orphanages and in child headed households.

Lucy worked in the charity sector for three years before visiting Africa in 2006 and spending four months at an orphanage and realising she had to help long after her departure. Since then, her life has become dedicated to her charity, and the children she looks after.

I asked her about whether she too saw a rise in people treating an orphanage or school as a tourist attraction and how such attitudes affect her intake of volunteers:

“There are some people who couldn’t care less about giving something back and I’d actually rather that than someone who feels like they ‘ought’ to do it to tick it off the list. Volunteering is a valuable resource and we wouldn’t rule a day visit out, although they don’t happen often, mainly because our projects are so rural and off the beaten track.

“If it’s manual work then at least two weeks would be ideal to see a project through. However, I actually don’t think it’s healthy to have someone permanently there either. I think the longest I’ve known someone stay at my project is about a year and the children find it very hard for that person to leave, but then they do get the benefit of them being almost permanent and a real part of the family. Overall I’d say three months is about perfect.”

However, not everyone can give up that amount of time (even if they wanted to) and in wielding out the bad attitudes from the ones that want to do good, even for a day, Lucy simply asks that people bring something that will benefit the children – should that be gifts, toys or educational resources. An investment more beneficial than a photo opportunity.

“When people want to make a difference, it could be something as simple as visiting for a day and saying ‘do you know what, I’ve seen enough’ and write a cheque. But then there are people who will visit for a month and do nothing much while they’re there and then leave and you never hear from them again. It is the quality of the person not the length of time they stay I think to be honest.”

So, what makes a person committed to a cause stand out?

“I always go with my gut, you get a feeling about someone to some extent when they email. I get the longest emails talking about who they are, what they do, why they are coming, why they think it will be good, similar experiences they have had, and I think if someone has bothered to write a long explanation like that then it is a pretty good indication that they want to be there” Lucy adds.

“I think it’s the same with everything, if you get that generic ‘can I come and visit?’, then I’m thinking ‘why, and what can you do?’ I don’t just say yes. Then if you get someone who does that, I always write back and say “can you write a covering letter and an example of how you would spend your day with the kids helping out” and you usually never hear back from them again.”

While Lucy has been lucky not to encounter too many travellers trying to tick an orphanage visit off the list (the rare experiences which she sadly relates to young GAP’ers), she does highlight the advantage that a visit can bring:

“It really is a full on experience and I think people are always a bit surprised at the fact that the children aren’t miserable and unhappy. The common reaction is ‘they’re just so normal’. I’ve never really encountered someone who felt sad by the situation and dwelled on it too much; they obviously they understand why the children are there and if you tell them the statistics about AIDS and orphan numbers they are sad, but they always feel like at least the children are now in a ‘good place’ and they tend to be positive about the children’s futures.”

So maybe there is a chance for those to be truly changed by the experience after a one-off visit and where you may feel compelled to give more time to the cause or even return, but if you are going there because it’s something else to do to fill your day, then stick to your temple hopping. The local orphanage, school or charity scheme doesn’t need you unsettling the kids for kicks or to help continue a negative tourism practice.

For more information on Msizi Africa visit www.msiziafrica.org.uk and should you wish to donate, visit Lucy’s fundraising page.

In November, I fulfil the promise I made to myself and return to Cambodia to work for the New Hope community organisation. Details can be found here and any support is greatly appreciated.

Comments

  1. Great post Becki! I never really thought people would have it on their lists to “visit an orphanage” just so they could say “we visited an orphanage”, although when I thought of it, it does happen, and I sadly know many people who do that. A lot! Specially amateur photographers here in Egypt who are looking for good photo opportunities, some visit orphanages and some other visit cancer hospitals, and some even go as far as visiting really poor neighborhoods to take portrait shots of people there, though most of them are nice enough to ask for permission to take the picture, it still disgusts me that they shoot their fancy cameras at people who are hardly finding a penny to eat!

    Again this is a great post and I shall raise awareness about this in every possible situation :)

    Next winter I am looking forward to volunteering in Africa, I was looking into some places, and Msizi Africa is now added to the list of places :) I’ll get in contact with Lucy when it’s about time to apply

    Thanks again for the great post!

    • Backpacker Becki says:

      Wow, sounds like Egypt is tackling similar problems… and people visiting the cancer hospital just for a photo opportunity? That’s pretty disgusting on all levels.

      As for neighbourhoods, I know now in a lot of places, such as the big slums in Mumbai for example, where there are official tours where the money goes into the regeneration of the slums/community and where you are NOT allowed cameras. More of an educational awareness drive, rather than stumbling upon poverty and snapping away.

      Do drop Lucy a note. Her set ups are very off the beaten track and I know she would no doubt love to talk about opportunities. Good luck!

  2. Nice post :) I personally never got why people would want to go and relish others’ poverty, as half the time it seems like that’s what such tourists are after…

    Full disclosure tho, I *did* visit an AIDS orphans orphanage/school in Uganda (in the sense that all the kids at the school were orphans but they stayed with families in the surrounding villages) but that was after being invited for the day by the local community- and promptly teaching a bit of maths and science to the older ones once they realized I have a physics degree! But none of the red flags that you hear about in other countries were there- probably like your experience in Kenya I’m guessing.

    • Backpacker Becki says:

      I think there’s something really rewarding about living within a local community and then being invited. To a degree, it means you are awarded with a certain level of trust. Of course, there may be times when some may use this ‘trust’ in an exploitative nature, by then (as mentioned) that comes down to common sense and gut instinct at the time.

      Kenya came about as I hated being stuck in the hotel resort but knew that visiting or staying in the townships was practically impossible. Plus the locals I became friends with at the hotel worked all hours so there was no opportunity to go and stay with them – they never had any time off or they lived hours away from their families. I would have relished this opportunity. Instead I choose to travel around Mombasa for the day with a hired car and researched into a local township where something positive was happening. If just for a few hours, it was a great experience to see an educational drive having been set up in the area.

  3. Amazing post Becki, so well-written, well-researched and hard hitting. The photo of the two tourists getting in kids faces and snapping photos of them…nuh uh, not unless the kid wants their photo taken.

    I’ve considered volunteering before for a few months and it’s something I’d love to do – not so I can “tick it off” but I feel you can’t understand situations unless you experience them yourself – and because I’m pretty good with kids

    Ok so enough of writing a cover letter. I hope orphanage tourism gets stamped out and people see the value in contributing, not just snapping photos that’ll have their friends going’ “omg that’s not real, right?” on Facebook.

    • Backpacker Becki says:

      To be fair, you are a TEFL teacher so you give your time positively. Although, I agree, you would be great with kids plus you have ample experience! It’s shocking to see the amount of places that don’t require you to submit a lenghtly application, ask about your experience or which have no means of testing dedication.

      This applies to some teaching posts too that don’t require people with either degrees or TEFL qualifications. I’ve seen people who can’t write one sentence of English without slang or abbreviations who are applying for ‘teaching’ posts of this sort. But, I digress – that’s rant number two…

  4. Really interesting article Becki, and I agree–use your time/money wisely with an appropriate volunteering opportunity or donation. It’s kind of horrifying that people would consider orphanage visits as tourist attractions. Not something that would have ever occurred to me to do when travelling, that’s for sure. I enjoyed hearing Lucy’s perspective as well and I’ll check out the links she provided.

    I’d be really curious to hear your TEFL rant…I’m starting to look into doing that qualificaion and I’d like to get as much reliable info as I can.

    • Backpacker Becki says:

      Afraid so. I kept seeing so many comments which is what compelled me to write this.

      My rant isn’t about TEFL itself – I think it’s fantastic. More that there are school ‘set ups’ in Asia (that I have heard of and maybe elsewhere too) that take people wanting to ‘teach’ who are without degrees or appropriate qualifications, without TEFL and on top of that are not checked or made to go through a ridged application process. Shocking. That needs to be stamped out too… but I’ll save that for another day :)

  5. I completely agree. I started ranting about my own experience of this and then decided, on about the fifth paragraph, to write a post about it instead! I’ll say your post was my inspiration. You’re going to have such a fantastic time with those kids in Cambodia. I’ll bet you pass on some ‘Becki-isms’!

  6. Great article – I’ve never been to an orphanage as I always say it as a long-term commitment. I’ve never once thought to visit one for a day. There is no instant gratification in that for me – There is gratification in truly contributing – to truly help them. Very well written.

    • Backpacker Becki says:

      I think certain volunteer situations could work for a day but when it comes to orphanages there is just too much commercialism out there which takes advantage of vulnerable people or aids exisiting bad practice. It’s all about research but a long term commitment shows true dedication, in my opinion :)

  7. I’m so glad to see a post on this – I blog about this a lot and to see other travel bloggers talk about it too is awesome. I interned at UNICEF Cambodia last summer and learned a lot about the impact ‘voluntourism’ can have on the local community and children. Thanks for the post.

    • Backpacker Becki says:

      UNICEF is a great organisation to work for. I think it’s a topic that needs to be talked about a lot more!

  8. Really interesting post Becki. I didn’t know much about this until I saw the link to it on FB this morning. It’s definitely something to keep in mind when travelling in certain regions.

  9. Amazing article, Becki. The first image about the children inside of the museum is truly heart-breaking!

    Another dubious ethical attractions are the so-called Favela tours of Rio de Janeiro (and the Miserias tour of the shantytowns near Buenos Aires) whose purpose is the “educate” travelers about how the other half lives. Sad, very sad.

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